Antiretroviral therapy or ART refers to the use of a combination of medicines to counteract HIV infection in the body.
ART allows people infected with HIV to control the effects of the virus and live longer and healthier.
It is recommended for all people with HIV, regardless of their infection period or state of health. Otherwise, it eventually progresses to AIDS.
AIDS is the state at which the HIV virus has multiplied in numbers large enough to completely destroy the immune system and allow opportunistic infections to reign free.
Anti-HIV drugs prevent HIV from multiplying and doing such damage.
These HIV drugs are generally divided into six classes depending on what phase of the retrovirus life-cycle that they inhibit.
Here they are:
- Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)
- Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)
- Protease inhibitors (PIs)
- Fusion inhibitors
- CCR5 antagonists (CCR5s) / entry inhibitors
- Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs)
Use of these in combination is what we termed as ART above. There is also combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART) or highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART).
The choice of drugs or regimen usually depends on the person’s needs.
And those needs depend on a number of factors that people living with HIV and their health care providers usually consider.
Firstly, additional conditions and diseases that the person may have. These could either affect the workings of the drugs or be aggravated by the drugs.
It is also important to check for possible side effects of the drugs on the body and on other drugs in the body.
Another consideration is the convenience of the regimen vis a vis the lifestyle or schedule of the person in question.
If the person is too busy, their anti-HIV drug regimen will lack consistency.
Lack of consistency, as a result, is known to cause some sort of resistance.
And speaking of resistance…
Drug-resistance testing and other tests are important in finding out what anti-HIV drugs would be effective and what wouldn’t.
And finally, the cost of the drugs is also considered.
In general, a lot of new advancements have been done on the anti-HIV drug front to help in the fight of HIV.
With Viraday, Cipla revolutionized antiretroviral therapy by reducing the pill burden on people living with HIV. You can buy viraday online to save some money on your aids and hiv medication.